Learn about the different types of bikes
Bicycle types and premium features
If you have decided what type of bike you want, it’s time to think about the number of gears, the wheel size , suspension, brakes, frame materials and even handlebars.
If you used to have a bike with 10 speeds, now you’ll see that bikes come usually with 18,21,24 or even 27 gears. Related to bicycle types and features, thinks get very complex if you factor the combinations of multiple chainrings and cogs and the number of theeth on them and you’ll get confused.
In fact, the most important things to take into consideration are your fitness level and the terrain you’ll be riding. If you’ll be on a lot of hills and climbing is a chalange for you, then you’ll need more gears.
But, if you only ride on flat terain and you are a strong cyclist , you need fewer gears and so you will have a lighter bike. There are some hybrid bikes, named single-speed bikes, because they have only one speed.
2. Wheel size – motorcycle buying guide
- 700c – is considered the standard size found on almost every road bike and hybrid ones. Don’t worry about wheel size on a road bike, unless you are smaller in hight and then you’ll need a smaller bike with 650c wheels.
- 650c – if you are shorter than 5ft 4in. and you cant find a 700c wheels bike that fits you right, then you may want to try a 650c wheels bike wich probably will fit you and your stature.
- 26in – in the past, adult mountain bike were equipped with 26in. wheels. In our days you’ll find more 27.5in. or 29in., but it is still available the old size too.
- 5in – it is known as 650b and offers a middle ground between 26in. wheels and 29ers.
- 29ers – those ones are slower to accelarate , but once you’ve started moving you can conquer more terrain far easier than with a 26in.
- Most of children’s bike have 24in. wheels, because they have shorter legs. Also most of the bikes with 24 in. wheels , are less expensive versions of adult bikes, because they have simpler components. In general, these bikes suit kids with ages between 10 to 13, but also depends on the size of the child not only of the age.
- – are most common bikes for small children and also for some BMX and folding bikes.
- and 12in. – those are on bikes for young kids, and are usually accompanied by training wheels.
3. Bike suspension
- Full suspension – it is found exclusively on mountain bikes and it incorporates a front suspension fork and rear shock in order to absorb the impacts of the trail.
- This reduces very much the impact on the rider, and also oncreases traction and makes more enjoyable the ride.
- Front suspension – usually this kind of bike make part of mountain bike or hybrid categories. This suspension helps absorb impacts on the front wheel and that makes the ride smoother. This kind of bikes are less expensive than full-suspension bikes and have fewer moving parts , that means that your bike will need less maintenance.
- No suspension – most of road bikes and some of hybrid bikes don’t include any suspension at all. Suspension forks and rear shocks add weight and also make the pedaling less efficient, so most of people that ride on paved streets or bike paths let go this feature and buy bikes without suspension. Some quality accessories and features can be found at www.bazaargadgets.com – please take a look and contact them directly if you need technical support.
4. Brake type
- Rim brakes – many of the road bikes come with rim brakes. If you want to learn about the different types of bikes, you must understand more about rim brakes. They have pads that grip onto the wheel rims. But this kind of brakes have some advantages and some disadvantages:
- Compared to disc brakes they are more economical and they are easy to observe brake pad wear, and easy to replace the worn pads, and those are advantages
- On the other hand, they have some disadvantages – they gradually wear out the wheel rim, requiring the wheel to be replaced, also they have less stopping power, they are less effective in wet or muddy conditions and they require more finger effort on the levers to brake aggressively.
- Disc brakes – they have brake pads that grip onto a brake rotor mounted to the wheel hub. They have two versions:
- hydraulic disc brakes – they offer more progressive and stronger braking, and they also self-adjust for brake pad wear – in this category it is important to include a lot of genuine brands, world wide, not just for bikes but for automotive industry too – check out more at www.pitcar.ro
- mechanical disc brakes – this ones need manual adjusting as the pads wear.
Comparing to rim brakes, you will have some clear advantages and also disadvantages:
- advantages: more consisting braking no matter what are the conditions, more cheaper to replace a worn a rotor than a whole wheel, more perfomance in steep and wet terrains, less finger strain.
- disadvantages: they are more difficult to inspect pad wear and also to replace the pads, and they are more expensive to service and maintenance.
- Coaster brakes – they are usually found on kids bikes, BMX bikes ad some of cruiser bikes. They have the brake mechanism in the rear hub and it is activated by turning the pedals backwards. “coaster” means that you can coast without pedals turning. They also have some advantages and disadvantages:
- Advantages: they work well in any weather, they require less maintenance; easy to use for kids;
- Disadvantages : they are not compatible with bikes that have rear derailleurs; cand be strange to get started pedaling because you can’t rotate the pedals bacward in a strating position.
- Drum brakes – they are found on cruiser bikes and are activated by levers on the handlebar. They are weather resistant and need very little maintenance but, on the other hand if the drum wear out you have to replace the hub and the wheel.
5. Bike frame materials
Most of the bikes are made from aluminum, but also steel and carbon fiber are very common materials for bicycles. You have to consider your priorities when you decide the material for your bike.
Bike Frame Materials
The majority of bikes are made from aluminum; however, steel and carbon fiber are also common. Each material has pros and cons, so you need to weigh your priorities when deciding.
- Aluminum – is light , strong stiff and very affordable, but it can be feeling harsh on rough roads.
- Steel – is heavier but the strength and the flexibility offers you a comfortable and smooth ride;
- Carbon fibre – is lighter than aluminum and stronger than steel, but is more expensive, and that means that you have to be a kind of a champion rider to invest big money in your bike.
- Handlebar shape
When you are looking for a bike, compare the level of the seat and the handlebars. Usually, the farther the seat is below the handlebars, the more comfortable the ride will be. Most of the hybrid bicycles are set up like this. But, on the other hand, if the seat is higher than the handlebars you will have a more aerodynamic position in the ride and you will apply more power to the pedals.
They are more styles of handlebars:
- Drop bar – found on most road bike
- Flat bar – found on hybrid bikes and some mountain bikes
- Rise bar – commonly found on mountain bikes
- Moustache bar – found on some road bikes and hybrid bikes
- BMX bar – very durable and strong.
In the end, no matter what kind of bike you choose, be sure that it fits you. Maybe you can take it for a test ride so you can see if it fits you, your wishes, and your necessities. Good luck!